• young stems with flowers can be roasted, boiled or stir-fried.
  • leaves can be cooked like spinach.
  • leaves can be rolled into tight balls, dried, and burned to ash as salt substitute.
  • grows in moist open plains, foothill and montane regions.
  • varieties in the Pacific Northwest are Arrow-leaved coltsfoot (Petasites sagittatus), Palmate Coltsfoot (Petasites frigidus var palmatus) and Sweet coltsfoot (Petasites frigidus var frigidus).
  • warning: should not be eaten in large quantity, due to alkaloids.
  • warning: may cause miscarriage in pregnant women if eaten in quantity.
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