- roots are edible raw.
- roots can be dried and ground.
- roots can be roasted as coffee substitute.
- young leaves can be eaten raw.
- young stalks and root crowns can be simmered.
- varieties in the Pacific Northwest are
Commom salsify (Tragopogon porrifolius),
Yellow salsify (Tragopogon dubius),
Meadow salsify (Tragopogon pratensis).
- grows in dry, disturbed areas.